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Alzheimers Disease and other Dementias

Loving wife cares for her elderly husband with alzheimers disease in NYCAlzheimer’s and other Dementia Need Specialized Attention – Memory Care in NYC

As elderly individuals grow older they often begin to experience memory loss and gain other symptoms of brain impairment. Dementia is a common form of memory loss that can affect an individual’s daily life and it is caused by deviations in the brain.

There are multiple forms of dementia that can affect individuals based on their medical and physical history.  Alvita Home Care services include memory care for seniors with Alzheimer’s and Dementia living in greater New York City and Long Island NY

One of the more commonly found types of dementia in NYC seniors is Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s disease affects up to 80% of individuals diagnosed with dementia. Some symptoms of Alzheimer’s include; having trouble remembering certain conversations, having difficulty remembering events or people’s names, as well as sadness and lethargy. Additionally, as the disease progresses individuals can show communication issues, poor judgement, misperception, confusion, changes in their conduct, and issues with dialogue, swallowing, or walking.

Alzheimer’s disease happens when protein fragments in the brain known as beta-amyloid plagues get looped around protein strands called protein tau tangles. It can eventually lead to nerve cell damage and eventually death of the brain. Alzheimer’s is a slow progressing disease that can affect elderly individuals for a long time in their life.

Another type of dementia afflicting New Yorker’s is called vascular dementia.

This form of dementia is rarer than Alzheimer’s and affects less than 10% of cases. Symptoms of Vascular dementia include decreased judgement, a lack of planning or organizational skills based upon memory loss. While many of the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease also affect those with vascular dementia, the diseases listed above are more common to v vascular dementia.

Vascular dementia happens due to damaged vessels, leading to a higher risk of stroke and bleeding in the brain. Often an image of the brain can detect any issues with an individual’s blood vessels leading to a dementia diagnosis.

Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) can also occur in elderly individuals, although it is less common in NYC.

Seniors living with dementia or Alzheimer's disease are vuneralble to extra risks like wandering around New York City streets alone.Again, many of same symptoms of Alzheimer’s occur in individuals with vascular dementia but individuals experience issues with sleep, hallucinations, and unevenness. Some symptoms of Parkinson’s also can be prevalent in individuals with DLB.

This occurs when protein clumps called alpha-synuclein form in abnormal areas of the brain. It often occurs in the cortex of the brain and can also happen to individuals with Parkinson’s disease. Individuals can also be subject to mixed dementia when different forms of dementia affect different areas of the brain.

Other Kinds of Dementias

  • Mixed dementia happens simultaneously and can cause an individual to have Alzheimer’s disease as well as DLB or DLB and vascular dementia, etc. This type of dementia is becoming more common in elderly patients as is seen more often than it has in the past. When an individual has mixed dementia, it sparks multiple abnormalities in the brain causing severe symptoms for the individual.
  • Parkinson’s disease is another form of dementia that occurs more rapidly in individuals. It has many of the same symptom’s as someone who has Alzheimer’s or Lewy Body Dementia but the individual may have problems with movement and shaking. Parkinson’s occurs when in the substantia nigra area in the brain where clumps are likely to form. These clumps affect nerve cells that produce dopamine and damages them as time passes.
  • Frontotemporal dementia contains a few different types of dementia such as behavioral variant (FTD), primary progressive aphasia, pick’s disease, corticobasal degeneration, and progressive supranuclear palsy. Symptoms here affect the individuals character, conduct, and may damage their speech. The brain is affected has nerve cells become damaged in the front and sides of the brain. People typically experience this form of dementia at a younger age and survive for a shorter period of time.
  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is another rare form of dementia but it is more common than other forms of dementia. This form of dementia has been linked to both humans and mammals and can be attributed to variant CJD or “mad cow disease” in cattle. When an individual has CJD memory loss and lack of coordination can occur and a change in behavior also can be noticeable. CJD happens as proteins in the brain misfolded and cause malfunctions.
  • Normal pressure hydrocephalus leads to difficult walking, memory loss, and issues going to the bathroom in elderly individuals. This happens when there is too much fluid in the brain and it can occasionally be surgically corrected with the use of a shunt to drain the fluid.
  • Huntington’s disease is another brain disorder that happens when there is a defect in an individual’s chromosome 4. The symptoms for this include sporadic movements of the body, a loss of mental capability, decreased reasoning, irritability, depression, and other mood changes. This happens when protein in the brain become defective.
  • Finally, Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome affects elderly individuals and their memory. This is caused by a lack of thiamine in the body and happens when someone misuses alcohol. Memory issues as mentioned previously are a main symptom and as the brain receives a lack of thiamine it runs out of energy to function.

While this is just a small guide to Alzheimer’s and other forms of dementia, there are many other symptoms and ways to cope with these diseases. These resources can be found online as well as in hospitals and doctor’s offices. Please seek out assistant if you believe you or your loved one may be suffering from Alzheimer’s or another form of dementia.

For more information on getting home care for your loved on in New York City or Long Island, see our page on in-Home Alzheimer’s and Dementia Care for NYC

Works Cited: https://www.alz.org/dementia/types-of-dementia.asp

About AlvitaCare

Alvita Care is a fully licensed home healthcare company providing premier in home caregiver services to seniors living in New York City and on Long Island NY. With offices in Midtown Manhattan and Hauppauge NY, Alvita Care was founded in 2008 upon the idea of "Care Without Compromise". Our care-giving services enhance seniors' lives, by improving their well-being, dignity and independence. We have earned The Joint Commissions Gold Seal of Approval and pride ourselves with our proprietary caregiver matching process that carefully matches our experience caregivers to each client based on personality and technical skills needed. Alvita Care can help whether you need assistance for several hours a few times a week or you require live-in or around-the-clock assistance. Our caregivers provide assurance and relief to families by relieving their anxiety, knowing that their loved one is safe, happy and lovingly cared for.